Travel in Fantasy – How Fast Can They Get There?

If you don’t take the time to approximate the time and distance your characters take from point A to point B, you risk inconsistencies which your detail-oriented readers will pick up on. You don’t want your troupe leaving too late to realistically catch the festival in the next town, or save their friend from his scheduled execution in the next kingdom. If you find they would be arriving too early, you can always throw obstacles in their way to slow them down.

Before you can calculate distance, you need a scaled map. A scale is a measurement showing how many inches/millimeters represent a number of miles. My own map scale: 1 inch = 100 miles. Now that you have your scale, you can begin measuring. Rarely do you want to measure the direct distance however – roads curve, adventurers have to backtrack, or a lake crosses their path. An easy trick is to use a piece of string or floss instead of a straight edged paper or ruler. You can curve the string along the exact path, cut it off, pull it straight and then measure it.

Now that you have the distance, you can begin to figure out time. Even if you don’t show the traveling itself, you need to have a sense of how much time has passed. What transportation method are they using? Walking, riding horses, wagon, ship, or some more fantastical method? Or in a modern fantasy: by car, plane, train? Here’s a handy reference chart for some of the most common means. All measurements are miles/hour (mph) unless noted otherwise.

Horses
Horse speed varies by breed, stride, and condition, but here’s an average.

Walk: 3-5 mph

Trot: roughly 8-10 mph

Canter/Lope: 10-17 mph

Gallop: about 30 mph

Human travel (all assuming character is in average condition)

on dirt trails: 10-14 miles/day

on paved trails: 8-12 miles/day (no natural cushioning for feet)

on fair trails (natural, rocky, root covered, etc): 8-12 miles/day

average speed over natural terrain: 3 mph

Wagon

Ox-drawn: 16 miles/day

average wagon travel: 2 mph

exhaustive wagon travel: 6 mph

Ship

This varies greatly on ship type, weather, etc. The general answer would be 4 – 5 mph, but I urge you to do more specific research if you have much sea travel.

Transporting Information, not people

Passenger pigeons are able to fly over 60 mph

Keep in mind that the harder, faster speeds are difficult to keep up at long distances and will require more rest periods (non-man-powered vehicles being the exception).

If you use more modern transportation, you’ll want to research for the specific region and era. Also be sure to note the speeds of any travel means you’ve specifically created for your world.

How do I use this information?

If you have a distance and want to know how long it takes to travel, divide the distance by mph. You can figure out how far someone will journey in one day by multiplying the mph by the number of hours they travel. If your characters are on the move a lot, make a string in the length of their average daily travel so you can mark on the map where they end each day.

This is information that isn’t easy to locate through general searches, though the information is out there. I hope you find it useful.

9 New Security Measures For Flights and How They Will Affect You

A lot has happened in the last few days to change the way that we all will be travelling in the future. There will be new security measures for flights based on these recent incidents.

Firstly, I am sure you all have heard or read about the 23-year old Nigerian man, Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab, who allegedly attempted to blow up a plane he was on as it neared Detroit Metropolitan Airport on Christmas Day. He had a peroxide-based bomb attached to his body, and when he detonated it, the bomb, thank God, sparked a fire instead of an explosion.

The Nigerian man had told fellow passengers that he felt sick, and pulled a blanket up around his body and neck, and proceeded to ignite the bomb that was stored in his underwear. Pops were heard and smoke was seen. Quick action by the flight crew and passengers subdued Abdulmutallab. All ended up safe at the end of this flight with the exception of Abdulmutallab, who is reported to have suffered third-degree burns.

Then, two days later a man from Florida, 67-year old Thomas Ouellette, reportedly brought a pyrotechnic device onto his flight that landed in NYC’s LaGuardia Airport last Sunday night.

The question is: How will these new security measures for flights affect the rest of us when we travel?

According to a report on CNN today, U.S. Travel and Security Authorities, international airlines and airports, and aviation organizations have all moved quickly to implement a range of new security measures for flights that will impact travellers’ normal routines.

At present, only flights to the U.S. are affected. Passengers can expect to see extra security “at international airports such as increased gate screening including pat-downs and bag searches. During flight, passengers will be asked to follow flight crew instructions, such as stowing personal items, turning off electronic equipment and remaining seated during certain portions of the flight”, stated The Transportation Security Administration.

New security measures for flights include the following for the last hour of flight over U.S. Territory:

  • Passengers will not be allowed to leave their seats for the bathroom
  • No access to luggage, especially in the overhead area
  • Not able to keep blankets or pillows on your lap
  • Bans on using laptops and MP3 players
  • Restriction for the use of cabin phones

Additional New security measures for flights include the following:

  • Arrive at the airport at least three hours before your flight
  • Be prepared for longer wait times to clear security
  • Be prepared for pat-downs from security and individual airline security personnel
  • Be prepared for additional inspection of carry-on baggage and personal items before boarding your flight

The Detroit incident has shown a hole in airport security measures. Could the next step possibly be a ban on all hand luggage, including handbags and purses?

As of today this is what some airlines are telling their passengers about the new security measures for flights:

British Airways is advising all passengers travelling to the States to minimize hand luggage to only one piece. Holiday presents that are wrapped will be opened and inspected.

Cathay Pacific is advising their passengers to expect pat-downs from security and inspection of carry-on baggage and personal items before boarding the plane. Also, the use of cabin phones will be restricted at all times during the flight.

American Airlines advises all passengers to arrive at the airport at least three hours before the flight to allow for added security checks.

Our take on the new security measures for flights? We would rather be safe than sorry…..if it takes extra time to be cleared through Security – so what? If it turns out that you have an extra hour to wait for your flight, get something to eat (it might be better than the food on the plane anyway), make those last good-bye phone calls, start reading your book, take time to talk to your travel partner, go to the bathroom an extra time for good measure.

To sum it up: Arrive early, have your paperwork including passport ready, a tight grip on your patience, be cooperative…..and remember, smile, smile, smile.

The Use of TASER Device in a Legal Way While Traveling

One of the interesting events to do when you want to enjoy life is to travel every place across the globe. You can experience an excitement that is an endless one and find perfect destinations that you can visit along your holidays. Each beautiful spots offers allure and charm to tourist as well as mesmerizing the great attractions. The place of your choice will totally overwhelm you.

There are a lot of things that you need to consider when traveling and one of the most important that you should always put in mind is your safety. Every individual wants to have a comfortable journey so either way you travel by land, air, and water you must be absolutely prepared. The precaution list is constant and if you already taken the significant safety and health preventive measures, then just take it easy and relax.

Today, technologies are being used for different aspects in our lives. Today, many took advantage on the use of safety tool such as TASER device. While you are traveling by water or air, you cannot carry this device in your pocket or hand but instead you need to have a proper placement together with your luggage.

It is necessary to have a good place to where you want to have it so that you can easily get it. In times of situations wherein in spending areas that are high traffic many thieves creep in and with that you must be prepared and easily locate your tool to protect yourself out of danger.

Vacation travels believed to be amazingly fun and relaxing. Unexpected events, like personal injury or theft can make your much-awaited travel a bad adventure. So, how can you save yourself from harm? Safety measures is indeed your priority, always bring with you a TASER device one of the safety device that you can lean on especially if you are traveling by land. Also have an invaluable gadget like cell phones for this is can be way to keep in touch and will be free from worries while having fun.

It is not illegal to have a device tool for safety in you daily events or by traveling, but that will also depend upon the situation or case that you are to plan. There are places that you need to have a license first before you can bring with you the device and other areas that you are free carry it. If you are to travel by water and air place the safety device on a convenient place for easy use in times of emergency and make sure to check out the policies of the airport or the sea port. On the other hand you can place it in your pocket if you travel by land.

Planning ahead of time for travel is a great way to keep you away from detriment and that can protect yourself from unexpected events. Be alert always and have your safety measures all the time. Keep safe and have fun with your travel.