The Travelers’ Temperature Predicaments (2)

Temperature measurement is very important to a whole range of areas and activities: science, scientific research, manufacturing, medicine and travel. Many European, Asian and African businessmen and tourists often travel to the USA and UK. These countries have not adopted the use of the modern metric system of measurement i.e. the SI system.

The accepted base SI unit of temperature is the Kelvin. A change of 1K is the same as 1 degree Celsius. As the degree Celsius is a convenient, easy to grasp in every – day – life metric unit, therefore both units are used in parallel. The Kelvin is used by scientists and engineers and the degree Celsius by everybody else worldwide. There are however, two prominent exceptions: the USA and UK who commonly use the Fahrenheit scale.

Daniel, Gabriel Fahrenheit, a German physicist was born in 1686 in Gdansk, Poland. The concept of the thermometer for measuring temperature changes is credited to Galileo. Fahrenheit is known for inventing the alcohol and mercury thermometers. His temperature scale is based on affixing 32º for melting point of ice and 212º for the boiling point of water under normal atmospheric pressure. The interval between two affixed points is being divided into 180 equal parts (the degrees Fahrenheit). The Fahrenheit scale was generally in use by English speaking countries up until 1970.
Travelers to the USA and UK are often faced with the problem of how to efficiently convert the temperature in the degree Fahrenheit to the temperature expressed in the degrees Celsius without making a mistake and with a sufficient approximation.

The conversion formula “Fahrenheit to Celsius” is:

ºC = 5/9 (ºF – 32º); read:

“In order to express the temperature in the degrees Celsius, I need to divide 5 by 9 and the result multiply by the temperature in Fahrenheit lowered by 32º”.

Quite awkward, isn’t it?

A much simpler way to remember and easier method to do mentally is to memorise the four following steps:

ºF→→→ºC : “Subtract 32, divide by 2, add 10% ( or 1/10) of the result and add 1% of the total”.

Let us see how it works:

E.g. 1: 98 ºF (your normal body temperature) →→→66 →→→33 →→→36.3 →→→36.7 ºC (rounded off to one decimal place).

E.g. 2: 102 ºF (your possible body temperature) →→→70→→→35→→→38.5→→→38.9 ºC

(High, pay a visit to the doctor!).

E.g. 3: 68 ºF (pleasant, refreshing outdoor temperature)→→→36→→→18→→→19.8→→→20 ºC

If you in a good mood, hum these four steps before the travel: “su-di-a-a”, “su-di-a-a”, “su-di-a-a”…!

Have a nice trip and keep warm!

Wacek

PS.: Have you read my former article: “The Travelers Temperature Tips”?

If so, you will be able to find the answer to the following puzzle:

FORGETFULNESS

A student solving a problem on transfer of heat found a correct temperature change. However, he presented the answer without a unit. As it turned out, it did not matter whether he gave the temperature in the degrees Fahrenheit or the degrees Celsius. The answer remained the same. What temperature was it?

Green Travel Plan Advice

A Green Travel Plan should deliver economic, practical and easy to manage measures both now and in the future. The majority of individuals that usually require a green travel plan are commercial developers and businesses. A plan should typically be:

  • economic to implement ‘day one’
  • cost effective for future management
  • include practical, well thought out measures that work

What’s the difference between Green and Workplace travel plans?

A Green Travel Plan (also typically known as a Workplace Travel Plan) is an obligation imposed by local authorities through the planning process typically by way of panning condition attached to a planning consent or by a S.106 agreement. It may also be introduced as a requirement during the application process.

In addition a Travel Plan is often a requirement of a BREEAM assessment process.

The Green Travel Plan sets out a suite of actions and measures intended to promote travel to the site by sustainable transport methods such as bicycle, bus or train rather than private car.

So I have a Green Travel Plan, what happens if I don’t follow it?

Most local authorities will require occupiers to monitor the effectiveness of the plan to ensure measures are being implemented and targets set in the plan are being met. The aim should be to demonstrate ongoing improvement.

Some local authorities now have sustainable travel officers whose sole duty is to promote sustainable travel and to monitor plans to ensure compliance.

Ultimately the local authority does have the power to take Enforcement action against you if you are not implementing and monitoring your plan. The council has the power to issue of a breach of condition notice to require you to comply with the requirements which could ultimately lead to prosecution and fine if you still fail to comply.

What Actions and Measures do the plans typically include?

They are sometimes produced to include high cost and complicated measures such as staff showers, public transport information and ticketing systems, subsidised public transport, cycle parking and staff loan schemes. Whilst it’s important to be mindful of the commercial necessity to obtain a consent, more simpler and cost effective measures should be considered as well, such as; free internet access to travel guides; website links to local travel information; car sharing schemes and on site maps of bus and train stations.

A plan should be produced to minimise the cost to the clients of delivering their plan whilst balancing this against the local planning policy requirements and need for a consent in a timely manner.

What will my Green Travel Plan cost?

Every plan is different based on the local policy requirements, the site constraints and the commercial pressures. Each should ideally be produced on a site specific basis. It is important to appreciate that a well considered and written plan allied to skilled consultants negotiating terms with the local authority will save you more money than you will ever spend on preparing it. Conversely, one poorly written will cost you money ‘day one’ and for many years to come as you continue to spend money and management time on costly and unwieldy measures.

How to Keep an Eye on Hotel Travel Performance

The hotel and travel industries face challenges posed by the competitive environment. This is why managers strive to come up with solutions that will allow them to cope with the daunting business world. Aside from the ever-changing environment, there is also a need to keep track of the competitions because they can easily attract your customers. This will of course result to a huge decrease on your profits. Since hotels are part of the hospitality industry, you should always think about your customers and their satisfaction. Meeting their requirements should not be your main goal – instead, you should go beyond them. To do this is simple: you need to monitor hotel travel performance.

The methodology in measuring hotel travel performance has evolved over the past few years but the fact remains that you should first take a look at your goals. Determining what you would like your organization to be in the future will lead you to learning the right tourism indicators that you should use. Therefore, even if you have the best piece of hotel performance software, this would not matter unless you know what you would like to accomplish. The goals and objectives of your business are exactly the things that will tell you what your company will be. Discovering what your organization’s future is will help you in selecting tourism indicators that will measure hotel travel performance.

Your customers should be your main priority but this does not stop there. There are performance dimensions that you will have to consider to be able to assess hotel travel performance well. As mentioned, the business environment here is very competitive which is why you have to keep an eye on the competitiveness of your own business. Measure the viability of your company against the performance of the other firms. You will need tourism indicators like relative market position and share, customer base measures and sales growth.

Now, we all know that in this industry every cent counts. The money that you expend might be of great help or might just prove to be a bad decision on your side. This is why financial measures should be utilized which include profitability, liquidity, market ratios and capital structure. Quality of service is next. You cannot gain more customers if you do not advance on reliability, responsiveness, appearance or aesthetics, tidiness, comfort, staff and environmental friendliness, effective communication, competence, access, security, availability and courtesy. These measures will make up the service quality dimension.

Hotel flexibility perspective uses measures such as volume, specification and delivery speed flexibility. When you monitor the hotel travel performance, you should also keep track of how the resources are being employed. Efficiency and productivity are two measures that are commonly used in this aspect. Finally, innovation should also be gauged. The growth and the development of your organization is viewed as one of the most important perspectives due to the fact that you can determine the performance of the innovation procedures as well as the performance of each innovators which carry out the processes. Your staff can either be your biggest expense or the most valuable asset which is why you should always observe their performance.