Travel in Fantasy – How Fast Can They Get There?

If you don’t take the time to approximate the time and distance your characters take from point A to point B, you risk inconsistencies which your detail-oriented readers will pick up on. You don’t want your troupe leaving too late to realistically catch the festival in the next town, or save their friend from his scheduled execution in the next kingdom. If you find they would be arriving too early, you can always throw obstacles in their way to slow them down.

Before you can calculate distance, you need a scaled map. A scale is a measurement showing how many inches/millimeters represent a number of miles. My own map scale: 1 inch = 100 miles. Now that you have your scale, you can begin measuring. Rarely do you want to measure the direct distance however – roads curve, adventurers have to backtrack, or a lake crosses their path. An easy trick is to use a piece of string or floss instead of a straight edged paper or ruler. You can curve the string along the exact path, cut it off, pull it straight and then measure it.

Now that you have the distance, you can begin to figure out time. Even if you don’t show the traveling itself, you need to have a sense of how much time has passed. What transportation method are they using? Walking, riding horses, wagon, ship, or some more fantastical method? Or in a modern fantasy: by car, plane, train? Here’s a handy reference chart for some of the most common means. All measurements are miles/hour (mph) unless noted otherwise.

Horses
Horse speed varies by breed, stride, and condition, but here’s an average.

Walk: 3-5 mph

Trot: roughly 8-10 mph

Canter/Lope: 10-17 mph

Gallop: about 30 mph

Human travel (all assuming character is in average condition)

on dirt trails: 10-14 miles/day

on paved trails: 8-12 miles/day (no natural cushioning for feet)

on fair trails (natural, rocky, root covered, etc): 8-12 miles/day

average speed over natural terrain: 3 mph

Wagon

Ox-drawn: 16 miles/day

average wagon travel: 2 mph

exhaustive wagon travel: 6 mph

Ship

This varies greatly on ship type, weather, etc. The general answer would be 4 – 5 mph, but I urge you to do more specific research if you have much sea travel.

Transporting Information, not people

Passenger pigeons are able to fly over 60 mph

Keep in mind that the harder, faster speeds are difficult to keep up at long distances and will require more rest periods (non-man-powered vehicles being the exception).

If you use more modern transportation, you’ll want to research for the specific region and era. Also be sure to note the speeds of any travel means you’ve specifically created for your world.

How do I use this information?

If you have a distance and want to know how long it takes to travel, divide the distance by mph. You can figure out how far someone will journey in one day by multiplying the mph by the number of hours they travel. If your characters are on the move a lot, make a string in the length of their average daily travel so you can mark on the map where they end each day.

This is information that isn’t easy to locate through general searches, though the information is out there. I hope you find it useful.

The Travel Health and Safety Mistake That Could Cost Your Company Thousands

Introduction

Workplace health and safety has become commonplace for most companies globally. However, the same basic standards and compliance are conspicuously absent for those whose workplace includes travel. If you want to know more about this mistake that could cost your business thousands if not rectified, then read on. In this article we will look at workplace health and safety, travel hazard identification, travel health and safety in conjunction with the potential business losses. By the end of this article you will have the four basic steps to evaluate your risk and the correction steps to save your business from significant loss.

Workplace Health and Safety

All developed countries have very mature workplace, site or project health and safety regulations, many with stiff penalties for noncompliance. While the overarching legislation provides compliance and standards guidelines, companies are able to apply their own evaluation and measurement of foreseeable threats, following a standardized methodology. This enables companies to benchmark their final results and permits replicatable processes.

Due to this common approach and process maturity, many companies have ventured even further by creating self imposed higher standards such as “no harm”, “zero loss”, “100% safe” and other similar internal campaigns to reduce or eliminate any-and-all injury in the workplace, site or project.

Workplace health and safety is not just practiced in the country of origin but also applied to all their various projects and worksites around the world as a global health and safety standard.

Construction companies have taken this philosophy to the nth degree by displaying at the point of entry to their project, all incidents, days lost, days since last safety event and so on.

Why is none of this applied to travel health and safety?

Travel Hazard Identification

Following on from the workplace health and safety model, activity and location risk registers are typically made before commencement of works and maintained throughout the life of the work activity. When was the last time you saw a travel health and safety risk register or hazard identification register that used a standardized methodology?

If you already have a workplace risk register, documenting the foreseeable threats, naked threat levels, treatment solutions, control measures and residual risk level following all modifier actions, why don’t you have the same documentation for travel health and safety?

If you don’t apply the same process, maintain the same documentation and conduct the same degree of education and communication to reduce the risk, for travel health and safety then you don’t a travel safety program at all. This mistake will not only cost you from a productivity and efficiency perspective but expose you to legal recourse should it be proven you have failed to mitigate the travel health and safety threats of your extended workplace and travel activity.

Travel Health and Safety

Travel health and safety is not an unachievable task. All the steps have been exhibited above. The only reason it has not already been applied to any company travel management program is due to ignorance, laziness, lack of education, lack of resources, over confidence and avoidance. None of which are defensible for companies that suffer loss of life, reduction in people capital, decreased productivity and financial loss.

Due to the amount or time consumed in business travel, travel may actually constitute a majority component of your overall “workplace”. This is particularly acute for companies with high people capital business models, that sees a lot of consultants, academics, professionals or contractors traveling to the client’s physical business site/s from their respective city/country of residence.

Business Loss

You can’t improve what you can’t measure. Travel health and safety should be measured for loss to the business ranging from productivity to direct financial losses. The problem is that because the cumulative losses are rarely identified in a single cost centre or business unit and more likely spread across multiple functions and business units, businesses fail to identify or acknowledge these overall travel health and safety losses.

Tangible losses are one issue whereas the intangible losses are another matter entirely. Reputation, legal, market share, new business, training and development are all plausible losses from foreseeable risk.

Failure to implement a travel health and safety strategy will in time be discovered as a grave mistake and cost the company/business unit thousands of dollars (or more) in losses.

Conclusion

There is no requirement to do anything new, simply extend the current workplace health and safety methodologies to encompass “all likely places of work” which would include travel.

The four basic steps to correct this mistake are: 1. Identify the hazards; 2. Assess the risk; 3. Apply control measures; and 4. Manage the residual risk.

You should now be able to identify the significant void between workplace health and safety and that of travel health and safety, in particular hazard identification, regulatory compliance and the potential business losses.

Review your real status now. Identify the areas for improvement immediately, implement positive changes and enjoy the benefits that contribute to your business travel productivity, efficiency and safety. The information contained in this article will save you thousands in potential losses should you not consider travel a foreseeable risk to your business travellers or not consider travel an extension of your overall workplace.

Travel Trailer Covers – Buying the Right One

With all of the excitement of purchasing a new camper, the thought of protecting it when not in use may be overlooked. Since your camper may be such a large investment, you should do everything you can protect it. Travel trailer covers are probably the least expensive way to protect you camper. From the damaging UV rays from the sun, dirt and dust, heavy rain fall and freezing winter weather (for some of us), having your camper covered with a quality RV cover is one way you can ensure your camper is protected and extended its life.

When you’re shopping for RV trailer covers, it is important to know the right size to buy to make sure you have a good fit. Just because your owner’s manual says that it is a 29 foot camper doesn’t mean that it actually is! You will want to measure the camper for yourself. When you go to measure your camper you are going to measure from end to end. Start at the furthest point of the camper at the rear of your camper. Be sure to include the ladder, bumper or spare tire. Measure to the front of the camper but do not include the propane tanks or hitching. If you have a roof air, be sure to add an addition one foot to the final measurement. Now that you have your measurements, you are ready to start your search for travel trailer covers.

One important feature to consider is your climate. If you climate is damp, it is especially important to consider travel trailer covers that “breath”. Tyvek Travel Trailer Covers are made with Polypropylene sides to ensure maximum breathability and it virtually eliminates mold and mildew. Its two layer Tyvek top panel resists water and allows trapped moisture to evaporate from within. UV protection is also very important in all climates.

Other features to consider are the travel trailer covers straps and buckle attachments to prevent billowing on windy days, reinforced corners to resist tears and heavy duty zipper “doors” for easy access to your travel trailer while it is covered. Many brands of travel trailer covers are being designed with many zippers to allow access to your camper no matter where the entrance door is located.

Since travel trailer covers will be exposed to the elements, they will weaken over time. You will want to find a cover that has a good warranty. These covers are going to protect your investment so you will want to make sure that it is of good quality and will last for many seasons. It is important to know how long the warranty is and what the warranty covers.

When you have decided on the brand and type of travel trailer covers that you are going to purchase, you will have to choose the cover size. If you are sure that you have measured correctly, now you will need to locate the size that is closest to your measurement. RV covers are made to fit a size range like 24’1″ to 26″. Find the range that is closest to you measurement. It is better for it to be a little bigger than it is for it to be a little too small. If it is too small, you will have to stretch the material to fit with can cause unnecessary strain to the cover. Besides, most of the better made travel trailer covers allow you to tighten up the corners and edges to make for a better fit.

You have made a wise choice in considering protecting your camper with a cover. Whether you are storing your camper indoors or outdoors, travel trailer covers will keep you camper cleaner and in better condition which will extend the life of your camper as well as keeping the resale value higher if you should choose to sell or trade in your travel trailer.